Among other things, attempt was made on the part of the Boers to annex the Orange Free State. President Pretorius crossed the Vaal in 1857, at the head of a large commando, with the intention of seizing on the neighbouring territory. He was doomed to disappointment, however, for his intended raid was stopped by the timely resistance of the forewarned President of the Orange Free State. An encounter was happily avoided through the intervention of Mr. Kruger, and finally the two Republics decided to mutually recognise each other's independent States.
But the ambitions of Pretorius merely smouldered. He still kept a greedy eye on the
Orange Free State, and machinated for the union of the two States into a gigantic
whole. He therefore refused the Presidency of the Transvaal for that of the Free
State, in the hope of gathering into his own hands the reins of both governments.
He was again disappointed, however, and in 1864 he returned and was re-
The return of Pretorius was the signal for temporary peace. During his second Presidency,
however, the little rift within the lute -
Mr. Nixon, who took great pains to acquaint himself with the true state of the country,
says "that the intestine disturbances and the incessant Kaffir wars had well-
In 1867 occurred two events which served to change the whole political and financial outlook of the Transvaal. Diamonds were discovered in the district of Kimberley. Cold was unearthed in Lydenburg. From that hour a procession of European miners began slowly to march north from the Cape. A highway was opened up between the two promising districts, and diggers of every race, pioneers bent on the propagation of modern ideas, teachers. missionaries, and traders of all kinds, attracted by the promise of wealth, flocked to the scene and settled themselves among the trekkers.
|The Growth of the Transvaal|
|The Web Thickens|
|The Zulu War|
|Isandlwana, an hour by hour account|
|Affairs at Home|
|The First Anglo Boer War|
|Between the Wars|
|The Fate of SGT Elliot|
|The Siege of Pretoria|
|The Reform Movement|
|The Critical Moment|
|The Fate of the Raiders|